The Human Mind

Personality Disorders

Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

  • passively resists fulfilling routine social and occupational tasks;
  • complains of being misunderstood and unappreciated by others;
  • is sullen and argumentative;
  • unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority;
  • expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate;
  • voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune;
  • alternates between hostile defiance and contrition.

Source: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
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