The Human Mind
Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder
Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:
- passively resists fulfilling routine social and occupational tasks;
- complains of being misunderstood and unappreciated by others;
- is sullen and argumentative;
- unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority;
- expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate;
- voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune;
- alternates between hostile defiance and contrition.
Source: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
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