The Human Mind
The Big 5 Personality Factors
The big 5 Factors are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. If you take the initials it spells OCEAN or CANOE. The Openness factor is sometimes referred to as Intellect instead. Each of the 5 big factors consists of a set of specific traits.
inventive | curious vs. cautious | conservative
What is meant is openness to experience. It is a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, curiosity, and variety of experience.
This factor differentiates imaginative people from conventional, down-to-earth people.
Understanding the Openness Factor
I have a vivid imagination.
I have excellent ideas.
I use difficult words.
I do not have a good imagination.
I am not interested in abstractions.
I have difficulty understanding abstract ideas.
What is being looked at are 6 facets of openness to experience:
1. Fantasy - the tendency toward a vivid imagination and fantasy life.
2. Aesthetics - the tendency to appreciate art, music, and poetry.
3. Feelings - being receptive to inner emotional states and valuing emotional experience.
4. Actions - the inclination to try new activities, visit new places, and try new foods.
5. Ideas - the tendency to be intellectually curious and open to new ideas.
6. Values - the readiness to re-examine traditional social, religious, and political values.
The intuition preference on Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is related to openness to experience.
efficient | organized vs. easy-going | careless
A tendency to show self-discipline, behave dutifully, carefully & aim for achievement.
The behavior is planned rather than spontaneous.
Understanding the Conscientiousness Factor
I am always prepared.
I follow a schedule.
I pay attention to details.
I leave my belongings around.
I make a mess of things.
I shirk my duties.
Many of behaviors associated with conscientiousness also fall in the category of emotional intelligence.
outgoing | energetic vs. shy | withdrawn
Energy, positive emotions, urgency, and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others.
Understanding the Extroversion Factor
I am the life of the party.
I don't mind being the center of attention.
I feel comfortable around people.
I am quiet around strangers.
I don't like to draw attention to myself.
I have little to say.
friendly | compassionate vs. competitive | outspoken
A tendency to be compassionate and accommodating rather than suspicious and sceptical towards others.
Understanding the Agreeableness Factor
I am interested in people.
I feel others' emotions.
I make people feel at ease.
I am not interested in other people's problems.
I feel little concern for others.
I like being isolated.
People with high scores on agreeableness generally have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe that people are decent, honest and trustworthy.
sensitive | nervous vs. secure | confident
A tendency to easily experience unpleasant emotions, such as anger, anxiety, depression, or vulnerability. Neuroticism is sometimes called emotional instability.
Understanding the Neuroticism Factor
I am easily disturbed.
I get irritated easily.
I get upset easily.
I am relaxed most of the time.
I feel little concern for others.
I seldom feel blue.
Most people's scores are in the average range when it comes to neuroticism.
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