Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

The art (and science) of designing buildings & structures. Focusing on the artistic aspect of architecture.

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Postby Sabina » Tue May 31, 2011 4:07 pm

There were seven magnificent constructions of classical antiquity, yet only one of them still stands today.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Constructed around 600 BC by Babylonians.
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Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Constructed around 550 BC by Lydians, Persians, and Greeks.
7Wonders-Temple_of_Artemis.jpg
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Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The temple was constructed from 466 to 456 BC, the statue in 435 BC, by Greeks.
7Wonders-Statue_of_Zeus.jpg
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Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Constructed 351 BC by Carians, Persians, and Greeks.
7Wonders-Mausoleum_of_Halicarnassus.jpg
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Colossus of Rhodes
Contructed c. 292-280 BC by Greeks.
7Wonders-Colossus_of_Rhodes.jpg
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Lighthouse of Alexandria
Constructed c. 280 BC by Hellenistic Egypt/Greece.
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The most ancient of the seven ancient wonders and the only one still in existence today:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
Constructed around 2584-2561 BC by Egyptians.
7Wonders-Giza.png
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All illustrations are engraving by the 16th-century Dutch artist Marten Heemskerk.
See also: Wonders of the World
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The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Postby mirjana » Tue Jun 07, 2011 10:04 pm

Personally I have always been impressed with all mystery and stories around The Hanging Gardens of Babylon. That is why I have prepared few information about it.
There are so many stories about the city of Babylon. One of them is connected to the hanging gardens of Babylon. It is though the only wonder for which no archeological remains are verified. German archaeologist Robert Koldewey claimed to find proofs of existence gardens in 1899. Although the foundations that he discovered measured some 100 by 150 feet what is smaller than the measurements described by ancient historians, it is still impressive. Some modern archeologist call his discovery into question, leaving the existence of the hanging gardens to be described only in the writings of ancient historians. According to such writings there are some facts about it.
For Herodotus it the city of Babylon was not only magnificent in size but its splendor and beauty were not comparable to any other city in the ancient world. It was located where today is the modern Iraq. The hanging gardens were built around 600BC and destroyed in the earthquake in 2nd Century BC. According to Herodotus, the city walls were 56 miles in length, 80 feet thick and 320 feet high, and the hanging gardens were 24m high and made of mud brick waterproofed with lead. The city outer walls allowed two four-horse chariots to pass each other. Inside these walls there were fortresses and temples with statues of gold. And above the city it was the Tower of Babel, or a temple to the god Marduk.
Diodorus Siculus, a Greek historian, tells us that gardens were about 400 feet wide by 400 feet long and more than 80 feet high. There are some other indications that the height was equal to the outer city walls, that Herodotus said were 320 feet high. Writing about the construction of gardens, he stated that the gardens stood on the platform consisted of huge slabs of stone covered with layers of reed, asphalt and tiles that were covered "with sheets of lead, that the wet which drenched through the earth might not rot the foundation. Upon all these was laid earth of a convenient depth, sufficient for the growth of the greatest trees. When the soil was laid even and smooth, it was planted with all sorts of trees, which both for greatness and beauty might delight the spectators."
It is said that gardens were built by King Nebuchadnezzar, who started his in 605 BC . He was also known to have constructed many temples, streets, palaces and walls. As his wife was the daughter of the Medes, coming from the green land who felt depressive and homesick in the Mesopotamia extremely exposed to the sun, he built an artificial mountain with rooftop of gardens. The name comes from the inadequate translation of the Greek word kremastos or the Latin word pensilis. The meaning is more -overhanging- in the sense like a terrace or balcony.
"It consists of vaulted terraces raised one above another, and resting upon cube-shaped pillars. These are hollow and filled with earth to allow trees of the largest size to be planted. The pillars, the vaults, and terraces are constructed of baked brick and asphalt."

The most amazing thing about gardens was how they solved watering such gardens in the land that rarely knew rain.
"The ascent to the highest story is by stairs, and at their side are water engines, by means of which persons, appointed expressly for the purpose, are continually employed in raising water from the Euphrates into the garden."

Descriptions of gardens made in the first century BC by the Greek geographer Strabo
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